Application of Zhongda CNC system in CNC turret pu

2022-09-23
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The application of Zhongda CNC system in CNC turret punch press

this paper mainly introduces the application of Zhongda CNC system in CNC turret punch press, the selection of servo and the advantages of CNC system in CNC punch press. Especially in the field of sheet metal stamping, CNC turret punch is widely used because of its fast stamping speed, high machining accuracy, strong versatility of molds, flexible and diverse products, etc

Introduction and classification of turret punch:

CNC turret punch (NCT) integrates machine, electricity, hydraulic and gas. It is a pressure processing equipment for punching and shallow deep drawing on plates

CNC turret punch (NCT) is composed of computer control system, mechanical or hydraulic power system, servo feeding mechanism, mold library, mold selection system, peripheral programming system, etc

NC turret punch (NCT) is a processing program compiled through programming software (or manual). The servo feeding mechanism sends the sheet metal to the position to be processed. At the same time, the mold selection system selects the corresponding mold in the mold library. The hydraulic power system presses according to the program and automatically completes the processing of the workpiece

punch classification:

according to the driving force of the slider, punch can be divided into mechanical and hydraulic types, so punch can be divided into: (1) mechanical punch; (2) Hydraulic press

structural diagram of CNC turret punch

description of servo axis of CNC turret punch

motion axis of CNC punch

x axis: servo drive axis that moves the workpiece along the direction perpendicular to the length of the bed

y axis: servo drive axis that moves the workpiece along the direction perpendicular to the length of the bed

a axis: rotating turret type tool library selects the rotation axis of the mold

c axis: the rotation axis of automatic indexing of the mold, The die can be rotated at any angle (optional)

working principle of the punch press

the design principle of the punch press is to convert the circular motion into linear motion. The main motor is driven by the flywheel, and the clutch drives the gear, crankshaft (or eccentric gear), connecting rod, etc. to achieve the linear motion of the slider. From the main motor to windformxt2.0 is a high-performance polyamide material mixed with carbon. The motion of the connecting rod is circular motion. The connecting rod and the sliding block need to have the transition point between circular motion and linear motion. In its design, there are roughly two mechanisms, one is ball type, and the other is pin type (cylindrical type). Through this mechanism, the circular motion is converted into the linear motion of the sliding block

the punch presses the material to deform plastically to obtain the required shape and accuracy. Therefore, it must cooperate with a group of molds (divided into upper mold and lower mold), place the material between them, and the machine applies pressure to deform it. The reaction force caused by the force applied to the material during processing is absorbed by the mechanical body of the punch

introduction to Zhongda CNC system

appearance:

h5cp/h6 color screen

specification:

characteristics of Zhongda highly reliable CNC:

▲ open LCD interface planning to meet the customized needs of machinery manufacturers

▲ High Definition LCD, more friendly interface

▲ the output pulse frequency (the receiving pulse frequency when the analog quantity is output) can reach 1000kpps

▲ full closed-loop control architecture, higher control accuracy (H6)

▲ it has rich die position compensation functions

▲ it has the functions of mechanical backlash compensation and screw pitch error compensation

▲ unique program handwheel test function, anti-collision machine, safer operation

▲ with program simulation, single section, skip section and program restart functions, the function is more powerful

▲ it has the function of processing path demonstration and preview simulation

▲ support international standard G code and t code, and provide a variety of fixed punching cycles, multiple cycles and macro macro macro programming

▲ program storage capacity 512 K bytes, NC program group up to 1000 groups, optional USB interface (H6 standard USB)

▲ provide RS232C standard interface, which can be connected to personal computer (PC) to easily realize program transmission, and support DNC processing

▲ Chinese operation interface, which is more convenient to use and flexible to operate

Zhongda CNC's unique press control function

optimal deceleration control:

it can switch the fast moving speed, time constant and position loop gain according to the positioning distance, so as to achieve high-speed positioning and high hit rate

mode function:

punching can be carried out at multiple positions of a given mode through the instruction of a single program block, and there are 8 mode instructions that are convenient for programming

best punch control function:

the steel window inspection rule GB 5827 (86) machine can adjust the output of punch start signal (PF) according to the positioning distance to achieve the best punch control

die position setting:

machining coordinate setting:

servo selection:

according to the size of the machine, three-axis servo configuration:

feeding axis x/y:1.5kw servo asda-a1521-ab

t axis: 2.0kw servo 1. Universal experimental machine asda-a2023-ab

the following is a brief introduction to servo gain adjustment:

according to different site conditions, you can choose two methods: automatic gain adjustment and manual gain adjustment

relevant parameters of automatic gain adjustment (please refer to asda-ab application technical manual for details):

P: gain adjustment mode

0: manual mode

2/4: automatic mode (continuous adjustment)

3/5: semi-automatic mode (non continuous adjustment)

P: automatic mode rigidity and bandwidth setting

when using automatic gain adjustment mode, set p to 2, and then set the size of P according to actual needs, The higher the bandwidth, the better the servo response. However, too high bandwidth will cause machine resonance, and all gain related parameters will be automatically set in automatic gain adjustment mode

when using the manual gain adjustment mode, set p to 0 and P to 14 to let the driver panel display the load inertia ratio detected by the driver. Operate the servo motor to make the machine reciprocate at a speed of more than 200rpm. The longer the reciprocation stroke is, the better. After multiple operations, the value displayed on the driver panel tends to be stable. Fill the value at this time into the position of "inertia ratio" in the software, fill in "bandwidth" 40, and click "calculate gain" software to calculate the best set of gain parameters in theory, Then click the right arrow to download it to the servo driver according to the patent application. Slowly increase the bandwidth as needed. The larger the product of bandwidth and inertia ratio, the more likely it is to cause resonance. Refer to resonance suppression adjustment when resonance occurs

automatic gain adjustment is convenient to use, but not necessarily applicable to all occasions. Manual gain adjustment can adjust individual parameters separately according to different situations. When adjusting the gain manually, reducing the feedforward gain of P position can reduce the vibration when the machine is reversing, and increasing the integral gain of P speed loop can improve the stability at low speed in the case of high friction

Application of punch in various industries:

summary:

at present, the CNC punch control system on the market is cheap but not stable. Foreign CNC systems are stable, but the price is very high, while Zhongda CNC system has both high application value and high practical value, so it has a very high market competitive advantage. Summarizing its application in turret punch, it has the following obvious advantages:

1 High Definition LCD color display, convenient human-computer interaction interface, simple operation

2. The system has simple structure and convenient installation

3. High precision, high speed and strong anti-interference ability

4. Powerful, stable and reliable, and complete functions

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