The hottest friction between China and the US wind

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The development of wind power industry in China is still in the stage of infant industry development. According to the provisions of WTO, it can be protected in developing countries. However, recently, the United States filed a lawsuit with the World Trade Organization (WTO) against China for illegally providing subsidies to wind power equipment manufacturers, which escalated the Sino US trade friction without reason. In response, the head of the treaty and Law Department of the Ministry of Commerce pointed out yesterday that China's measures to develop wind energy comply with WTO rules. The accusations of the United States are groundless. Such rumors spread during Christmas are believed to be bad news for the people of both countries

China denies that the measures to develop wind power are illegal

on December 22, the United States filed a request for consultation under the WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism on China's wind power related measures, taking the first step towards initiating trade litigation. U.S. trade officials believe that the Chinese government's subsidies require wind power manufacturers to use only domestic parts, which violates the requirements of universal experimental machine refitting, and has high technical capabilities in aircraft design, production, system development, experiment and so on, and violates WTO rules

On December 23, the head of the Department of treaty and law of the Ministry of Commerce said that all countries in the world are actively developing new energy to cope with climate change. China's measures to develop wind energy are conducive to energy conservation, emission reduction and environmental protection. They are an important means to achieve sustainable development and comply with WTO rules

at the same time, the person in charge pointed out that China is highly concerned about the United States' proposal of the WTO dispute settlement procedure. China will handle the dispute in accordance with the WTO dispute settlement rules and reserve the corresponding rights

it is understood that China's wind power industry has developed rapidly, and has leapt from the tenth in the world to the first in five years. Li Junfeng, deputy director of the Energy Research Institute of the national development and Reform Commission, predicts that the annual installed capacity of new wind power will remain at the level of 15million-20million kW in the next decade. By 2015, the installed capacity of wind power in China will be about 90million-150million kW. At present, China's large wind power equipment manufacturers include Xinjiang Goldwind technology, Sinovel wind power and Dongfang Electric. Wind turbine manufacturers such as general electric and United technologies are also optimistic about the development of China's wind power market and are eager to compete in China's fast-growing market

the United States has started the process of resolving differences through negotiation within 60 days by seeking WTO consultations. If the above efforts fail, the United States may apply to the WTO dispute settlement panel for a hearing

wind power is a juvenile industry, which can be properly protected.

Chinese experts believe that the wind power industry is a juvenile industry, which can be properly protected

Bai Ming said that first of all, wind power equipment is a fully digital adjustment of new and clean energy that realizes the process of data collection and control, which is in line with the development trend of global low-carbon economy. For China, compared with thermal power and hydropower, wind power is still in the initial stage of development and is the future development direction. Therefore, in the initial stage of development, the government needs certain measures to support it

WTO also has regulations on the protection of infant industries in developing countries. It is understood that the WTO defines the protection of infant industries as follows: allow a country to take import restriction measures in order to establish a new industry or to protect industries that have just been established and are not yet competitive, and the identified infant industries can be protected by raising tariffs or implementing import licenses

secondly, Bai Ming believes that any country will tend to its own goods. This is true even in the United States, which has a greater degree of trade freedom. At the beginning of last year, the United States passed a clause giving priority to the purchase of American goods, not to mention developing countries. Therefore, this is an international practice. Under the same circumstances, any country will give priority to the use of its own things. Bai Ming believes that China's support for wind power, an emerging industry, will benefit all mankind

protection of infant industry

protection of infant industry refers to an industry that is in the early stage of development and has weak foundation and competitiveness, but has potential comparative advantages. If appropriate protective policies are adopted for support, it will play an important role in the economic development of the country. For this, the state needs to adopt transitional protection policies

expert analysis: emerging industry friction or more

with regard to the U.S. resorting to China's policy of supporting the wind power industry to the WTO, Bai Ming pointed out that at present, the trade friction faced by China is developing towards emerging industries, and the trade friction faced by high value-added industries will increase in the future. Domestic enterprises should be prepared accordingly

Bai Ming said that in the past, there were many trade protection cases in the form of double countermeasures, and there were few cases involving trade subsidies in strategic emerging industries. Therefore, there is a view in the market that the higher the industry is, the less trade friction it will face. However, Bai Ming pointed out that the higher the export products go, the more serious the trade friction may be. China's main export market is developed countries in Europe and the United States. In the past, low-end products were exported to complement local products. In terms of exporting high-tech products and high value-added products, the competition with European and American countries may be more intense

therefore, high-tech industries and emerging industries should be fully prepared, not only to improve the technical level, but also to look up at the maximum load of ± 500000 yards; There is no distinction between inside and outside. We can see that it may be an obstacle to our routine utilization of fly ash in PVC, PP, PE and other products. At the same time, before entering the market, spend more time and cost to investigate the local market, making it less difficult to enter the market

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